Cervical dysplasia - a precancerous condition. This means that women are diagnosed with cervical dysplasia in the future many times increases the likelihood of developing cervical cancer.
However, this does not mean that cancer will develop in any case. Cervical dysplasia is characterized by severe hyperplasia (thickening), proliferation (growth of) impaired differentiation, maturation, aging and rejection of cell surface epithelium of the cervix.
According to the research nearly a quarter of women have abnormalities of the cervix. Moreover, 20% of pregnant women and in 40% of cases pregnancy is diagnosed precancerous condition - cervical dysplasia.
Depending on the severity of a violation is isolated grade 3 cervical dysplasia: mild, moderate and severe cervical dysplasia. Degree (or stage) cervical dysplasia is determined by the depth of penetration of pathological processes and the vastness of mucosal lesions by human papillomavirus (HPV).
In normal epithelium on the surface of the cervix is composed of four layers of stratified squamous epithelium. Changes in the surface layer of the epithelium is characterized by a mild degree of cervical dysplasia, a more profound change (in all sectors, except the last one) indicate severe cervical dysplasia. Defeat all the layers of the epithelium is typical for cervical cancer.
Cervical Dysplasia: Treatment
When the diagnosis of cervical dysplasia treatment consists in the destruction of the hearth dysplasia. The most effective treatments for cervical dysplasia include: radio wave coagulation, laser coagulation, cryosurgery with liquid nitrogen chamber, diathermocoagulation. If the defeat of the mucous human papillomavirus minor (mild), that are used in the treatment of immunomodulators and immunomodulators, while moderate - destruction + immunocorrectors with immunomodulators. In severe lesions need surgical treatment, the amount of which is agreed with the oncologist.
If nulliparous women detected cervical dysplasia, treatment is carried out most gentle methods. Complications after the destruction of the hearth dysplasia is scarring. If nulliparous women scar forms on the cervix - the future generations can be complicated due to poor dilatation.
In modern medicine for the diagnosis and treatment of cervical pathology used cone biopsy of the cervix.
Conization of the cervix - a procedure in which the uterus is removed cone fragment, including the affected area. The resulting material is sent for histological examination to diagnose the extent and depth of the lesion cervical epithelium. Contraindications for conization of the cervix are:
• infectious pelvic inflammatory disease;
• invasive cervical cancer.
Currently there are three main methods of cervical conization:
• Loop (radiowave cervical conization) - using modern surgery apparatus radiowave "Fotek", which consists of an electric generator with a set of electrodes (including in the form of a loop). Radio wave cone biopsy of the cervix is by far the most common.
• Knife - a surgical procedure that is performed with a scalpel.
• Laser - with surgical CO2 or KTP laser (inferior to the capabilities of the loop because of possible excessive charring of tissue).
The clinic professor Feskova AM ® uses radio wave cone biopsy of the cervix (the method loop conization) with the help of apparatus "Fotek", the most common in the CIS. When radiowave cervical conization effect is achieved due to the heat that is generated in the tissue in contact with the electrode radiating high frequency radio waves.